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This week there will be a very beautiful partial solar eclipse: how to watch it from New York


Alina Prikhodko

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Millions of people around the world will see an annular solar eclipse, which will create a “ring of fire” effect in the sky. New Yorkers will also be able to watch it, reports Silive.

On October 14, the eclipse will cross the skies of the northwestern United States, Mexico, Central America, and South America before leaving the continent in Brazil. And even if you're not in the annular eclipse's path, if weather conditions are favorable, you might be able to see the partial eclipse, according to NASA.

Solar eclipses are classified as total or annular, depending on the distance between the Moon, Sun and Earth. A total eclipse is when the Moon completely covers the Sun, and an annular eclipse is when the Moon covers all of the Sun except the outer ring.

What awaits us on October 14

An annular solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Sun and the Earth while being near or at its farthest point from the Earth. Because the Moon is further from Earth than usual, it appears smaller than the Sun and creates a “ring of fire” effect in the sky.

During an annular solar eclipse, the Moon will begin to pass in front of the Sun, resulting in a partial eclipse. The Moon will gradually block out more and more sunlight, causing the Sun to appear like a crescent moon. According to NASA, this phase is also called first contact.

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About an hour and 20 minutes after the start, the Moon will pass completely in front of the Sun, leaving a “ring” of the Sun visible from behind the Moon. This period is called annularity or second contact.

New York will only get part of the eclipse

In most locations it will last between one and five minutes, depending on where you are observing. During the eclipse, the sky will darken, although not as much as during a total solar eclipse. Some animals may begin to act as if it is twilight, and there may be a chill in the air.

The Moon will then continue to pass through the Sun for an hour and 20 minutes, leading to another partial eclipse phase - third contact. The moon will continue to move until it no longer overlaps the solar disk, which will mark the end of the eclipse.

In New York City, the maximum solar eclipse will be between 20% and 30% and will only be visible as a partial solar eclipse. This means that the Moon will block the Sun's light just enough to make it look like a crescent moon. Eastern time, the eclipse will begin in New York on October 14 at 11:03 a.m. and end at 16:55 p.m. The Moon will obscure the Sun at its greatest extent around 13:59 p.m.

Photo: IStock

Where to watch the eclipse

When observing an eclipse, it is advisable to have a clear sky. In order to see all phases of an annular eclipse, including the “ring of fire,” you must view it from within the path of the annular eclipse. In the US, this path begins in Oregon at 9:13 a.m. Pacific Time and ends in Texas at 12:03 p.m. Central Time.

Weather permitting, you can watch this amazing phenomenon by just going outside on Saturday, but to get a closer look, you can go to Strasenburg Planetarium at the Rochester Museum and Science Center (RMSC). There, from 9:30 to 15:00, you can view the eclipse through telescopes with solar filters. Eclipse viewing glasses can be purchased at RMSC, Strasenburg Planetarium and Cumming Nature Center for $2,50.

Park Slope Library in Brooklyn invites everyone to unique observation of an annular solar eclipse. In addition to the exciting spectacle, the organizers promise participants interesting stories about solar eclipses and will even give free sunglasses for safe observation.

Watch a partial annular eclipse invites also New York State's First County Forest. Discover the science of solar eclipses, make a viewing device, and other crafts. Each participant will be given a pair of commemorative GeneSEEtheEclipse glasses.

What if it's cloudy?

Weather forecasts across the state call for cloudy skies and showers on Saturday. Unfortunately, NASA says you need a clear view of the Sun and Moon to see the eclipse, but even with cloudy skies there will be a noticeable difference.

You can also look at the NASA website, where they organize live broadcast of the eclipse, especially if you want to see all its effects and also watch live broadcasts from telescopeslocated in the path of the eclipse.

Keep eyes safe

If you plan to view the eclipse, you will need to wear special sunglasses designed for viewing the Sun.

With the exception of the brief total phase of a total solar eclipse, when the Moon completely covers the face of the Sun, it is not safe to look directly at the Sun without special eye protection. Looking at any part of the bright sun through the lens of a camera, binoculars or telescope without a special solar filter attached to the front of the optic can instantly cause serious eye injury, warns NASA.

When observing the partial phases of a solar eclipse directly with your eyes (before and after a total eclipse), you must always use safe solar viewing glasses, eclipse viewing glasses or a safe portable solar viewing device. Eclipse viewing glasses are not ordinary sunglasses because ordinary sunglasses are not safe for viewing the Sun. Following the annular eclipse, a total solar eclipse will occur on April 8, 2024.

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