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Scientists have found out when humanity will go extinct: global warming has nothing to do with it

'02.10.2023'

Alina Prikhodko

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How long can people live on Earth? Scientists from the University of Bristol have conducted a study that casts a shadow over the future of humanity. According to Yahoo News, a group of researchers foreshadows a meeting with an asteroid, the formation of a new continent and the death of the sun. They even gave a beautiful name to such a scenario - Pangea Ultima.

According to an article published this week on the website nature.com, humanity may have only 250 million years left to live while the Earth forms a new supercontinent.

While scientists have been warning about climate change, Earth's temperature and greenhouse gases/emissions, it's time to see what could really destroy humanity with the help of a new supercomputer.

In the paper, the research team argues that while the Sun will naturally expand as it begins to die and eventually engulf the Earth in about two billion years, human life may not survive the eventual anarchy of Pangea Ultima.

On the subject: New York is sinking: some areas are sinking faster than others

This simulation was carried out by a team of scientists who provided the computer with currently available data about the Earth, such as climate, ocean chemistry and the movement of tectonic plates.

Supercomputer prediction

Over the next 250 million years, the Earth's tectonic plates will shift and merge, forming a new supercontinent that will create chaos from earthquakes, volcanoes, typhoons and even temperature changes, a computer predicted. According to NASA forecasts, in the future the Earth may face a collision with a large asteroid

“A newly formed supercontinent would create a triple whammy of continentality effects, hotter sun and more CO2 in the atmosphere, leading to increased heat across much of the planet,” said Dr Alexander Farnsworth.

The article states that over the 250 million years that Pangea Ultima is forming, the Sun's energy will increase by ~2,5% compared to today, which will lead to an increase in temperature on Earth and the emergence of vast areas of the planet unsuitable for life.

According to the authors of the article, humanity may not be able to adapt quickly enough to extreme temperatures, as is happening now, through sweating and cooling the body, but this possibility cannot be ruled out.

As the planet warms and plates shift, food sources are predicted to become increasingly scarce, making it difficult for mammals to survive. More information about the methods used by University of Bristol staff can be found here.

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